Introduction to common trees in Hong Kong

Introduction to common trees in Hong Kong

Hong Kong is a city with a high greening rate, with more than 3,000 species of plants, of which about 100 are common trees¹. These trees not only add beauty and vitality to the city, but also provide food, medicine, shelter and other uses for humans and animals. This article will introduce some common tree species, characteristics, uses and distribution in Hong Kong, and provide relevant pictures and sources of information.

Hong Kong Pavetta Pavetta hongkongensis

Hong Kong Pavetta is an evergreen shrub or small tree of the Rubiaceae family and is a native species of Hong Kong¹. Its characteristic is the white star-shaped inflorescence, which blooms from May to November². Its fruit is a black drupe that can attract birds³. It was discovered by American Wright (Charles Wright) on Hong Kong Island in 1850, but it was not named after Hong Kong until 1934². It is mainly distributed on slopes and roadsides in Hong Kong³.

Hong Kong Pavetta flower

Coral tree Vaburnmum odoratissimum

Coral tree is an evergreen shrub or small tree of the Caprifoliaceae family and is also a native species of Hong Kong¹. Its characteristic is the white or pale pink conical inflorescence, which blooms from April to May. Its fruit is a bright red drupe that can attract birds. It can adapt to various environments and is often planted in country park afforestation projects. It is mainly distributed in valleys and streamsides in Hong Kong.

Coral tree flower

Volcanic banyan Ficus microcarpa var. crassifolia

Volcanic banyan is an evergreen tree of the Moraceae family and is an exotic species¹. Its characteristic is the yellow-brown with red smooth bark and red small figs. Its fruit can attract birds and bats. Its name comes from its hard wood that can grow on volcanic rocks. It is mainly distributed in urban areas and country parks in Hong Kong.Volcanic banyan

Conclusion

There are many kinds of common trees in Hong Kong, each with its own unique beauty and value. We should appreciate and protect these green treasures more, so that they can bring more ecological and cultural benefits to our city. If you have any questions about tree engineering, please contact Hong Kong Gardening Company Green Port Gardening (https://hkgreening.com/home-2/contact/) to communicate with us.

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